Do You Know the Types of AMD?
In industrialized countries, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) remains the leading cause of blindness in adults. The central portion of the retina is damaged, resulting in a loss of central vision, also known as foveal vision. This central vision is vital in helping with daily details such as driving, reading, or watching television.
There are two of types AMD: dry and wet and the former is much more common than the latter. Dry AMD is caused when a type of fat called drusen mixes with protein and starts to build up behind the retina. This buildup can happen at a slow pace, meaning a person will incrementally experience vision over several years. With wet AMD, abnormal blood vessels start to grow and leak behind the retina. This leakage will cause blood and fluid to pool behind the retina and if left untreated, can lead to rapid vision loss in as little as a few weeks.
Besides age, AMD can also be caused by smoking, family history, if the patient has had a previous heart attack or stroke, or excessive alcohol consumption. A diet that is high in saturated fats can also pose a risk.
This information is presented by Retina Macula Specialists of Miami, the largest private retina practice in the city. We are a nationally acclaimed retina practice dedicated to the medical and surgical management of vitreoretinal diseases. Each of our extensively trained doctors is certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology and ready to help treat eye diseases such as branch retinal vein occlusion, retinal detachment, age-related macular degeneration, and more. We have three convenient locations in Miami, Coral Gables, and North Miami Beach. For contact information or to request an appointment, please visit https://www.retinamaculamiami.com.